Mayor-council is a strong-mayor form of mayor-council government. This form is characterized by the fact that both the mayor and the council are elected by the entire population. Since the mayor is elected directly by the population, his powers are quite large. The mayor has a veto over the decisions of the council, which can be overcome only by a qualified majority of the council.
The activities of the council, as well as the committees and commissions formed in it, are primarily rule-making in nature. The Council is not involved in the formation of the administration, the appointment and dismissal of municipal employees and other current management issues. The mayor is responsible for the conduct of affairs in the city and has sufficient authority for this, he exercises sole leadership of the administration, signs regulations adopted by the council.
The use of this form provides opportunities for a strong political and administrative leadership of the city. This form, as a rule, facilitates the development and implementation of policies. At the same time, there is a very large dependence on the qualities of the elected leader in such a structure. To avoid unprofessional management, many large municipal entities use such a form in which the mayor alone or in agreement with the council forms a city government headed by a professional.
The choice of the type of organizational structure of local governments is the first step in creating an effective system of management of the municipality. Next, it is necessary to describe in detail the role, the order of formation, functions, tasks for each control.
The order of formation is determined by the type of selected organizational structure and the most common functions of the relevant governing body. The bodies that do not have the functions of representing the interests of the population or any organizations are usually formed by a decision of a higher executive or representative body of power. In particular, local government officials are appointed by the appropriate supervisor. The committees and commissions of the representative body are formed on a voluntary basis but are approved by the general decision of the representative body. Commissions representing and coordinating the interests of various departments, such as the commission on health care and law and order, are often formed on the basis of co-optation according to the established quotas of representation. A department participating in such a commission can usually replace its representatives at any time.
By law, a representative body is formed only on the basis of elections. In practice, there are several forms of electoral system.